What are central Asian Koreans?How did they get to Central Asia?How are things today?
In China’s history of thousands of years, if there is a region that has the best relationship with China, it is undoubtedly the Korean Peninsula across the river from the northeast.Since ancient times, officials and people on the Korean Peninsula have a deep connection with China. China saved or accepted the regime on the Korean Peninsula four times in the Tang Dynasty, Ming Dynasty, the late Qing Dynasty and the Republic of China, and after the founding of New China.Provisional government of the republic of Korea westward ▼ ▼ provisional government of the republic of Korea in Shanghai site is located in chongqing’s provisional government of the republic of Korea site ▼ at the end of 19th century, the qing government at this time already sunset xishan, basic lost control of the east Asia and the domestic situation, railway even cannot be independent, for example, in 1899, the qing at first to built along the beijing-hangzhou grand canal town railway,Can finally under the intervention of foreign powers, finally changed to jin (tianjin) pu (nanjing pukou) railway, although the railway no construction is carried out in accordance with the design of the qing dynasty, but also gradually opened the prelude of the New Deal in the late qing dynasty, the qing court at this time there is no doubt than decades ago a few years ago, even more keen on political reform, the reason will appear this kind of change,The turning point was the Sino-Japanese War in 1894.Stands alone on the east side of the east Asia continent of Japan, has been reportedly eyeing China is humongous, Japan after the Meiji restoration, Japan’s national strength increase rapidly, also let Japan had tried to get their hands on China’s ambitions, is worth to mention is that before the outbreak of the sino-japanese war of Japanese politicians, between the first two failures and the power of the qing court forces on the data,Has not been completely determined to war, the qing court at this time of the Japanese are more keen to extend to a more Hawaiian islands in the east expansion (Hawaii at this time has not been incorporated into the United States, even in the period of Meiji restoration, there is a kingdom of Hawaii), in the 1890 s, Japan and the United States to reach a compromise, the United States give Japan a large sum of money in the name of the republic of Hawaii,He secretly declared material support for Japan to fight the Qing Dynasty as long as Japan gave up its expansion of Hawaii (of course, Japan only paused its expansion and then resumed). The Sino-Japanese War broke out and the Qing retreated to the northeast after its defeat.Early 20th century, Japanese ▼ in Hawaii and the north koreans on the Korean peninsula, in the face of the situation, there are several options, the first is to remain in the Korean peninsula, and also established some interim government, the second is to enter China, the north koreans into China, in the northeast, Shanghai and other places have set up a government in exile, and ultimately with the outbreak of world war ii, integrated together,And chongqing in the national government established a provisional government of the republic of Korea, moreover is the far east, into the Soviet union control with the Chinese, Russian (Sue) countries (league) such as the common construction in Vladivostok, “Rio and other cities, these belong to people of different nationalities, different nationalities, different customs, made outstanding contribution for the local construction, until the outbreak of world war ii,To completely change the ethnic makeup of the place.It should be noted that the earliest official record of Koreans moving to the Far East is actually from 1863, when they applied to settle in the Ratchet Valley near Possiette Bay.And comprehensive invasion of the Soviet union, as early as the third Reich had occupied northeast China the Japanese for many years, at this time for geopolitical reasons, trying to be a “war, Russia (Sue)”, it is in such a purpose, as early as in 1935, the Japanese kwantung army stationed in hailar and utilize modern cavalry units, with a legacy in the history of the problem of “boundary” as an excuse,Continued provocations in the China-Mongolia border area to test the military strength of the Soviet Union and Mongolia.From January 1935 to October 1938, there were a number of military conflicts, which gradually escalated.Of the many border conflicts, the largest (before Nomenkan) broke out on March 30, 1936, frequent border conflicts did not end with the signing of a mutual assistance agreement between Japan and Mongolia, but intensified.With the deterioration of the situation in the far east, Stalin has set his sights on here, when the Soviet union high-level worry of Japanese occupy the Korean peninsula and make use of the Soviet union in the far east ethnic koreans numerous features, sending some people disguised as the Soviet union in the far east north koreans, destruction and intelligence investigation, and, of course, also worried that north koreans are within the territory of Japan’s stirred up and buy off,It was out of this concern that On August 21, 1937, Stalin and Molotov signed the top-secret document No. 1428-326CC, which relocated all the Ethnic Koreans in the border areas to Central Asia.Far east north koreans ready to travel to a new home ▼ the top secret documents, quickly spread to east Asia under the efficient arrangement of the local Soviet officials, less than 20 times (9 September 1937), the first a train full of north koreans, sailing to the west, by the Siberian wilderness arrived in central Asia, and in the same year on October 25, 171781 north koreans,They took 124 trains and were transferred to Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan by Soviet government.Soviet government is caught in a malaise, cannot also care the north koreans, even the basic housing and food supply problems cannot satisfy, forced the north koreans, can only rely on their own hard to survive in central Asia, and with the Soviet union patriotic war broke out, many central Asia north Korean youths, also with many Soviet soldiers,Fighting on the front lines of the war.▼ Soviet union patriotic war after the second world war, the army back to their hometown heroes, and left behind the Korean people and other ethnic groups, local construction of new homes, and they are due to their efforts, won the citizenship of the Soviet union, and received a good education, active mainly in the central Asian countries in politics, science and education institutions and the private sector, and of course music field.At first, but when after the collapse of the Soviet union, the Soviet migrate to central Asia’s other ethnic groups, most chose to leave back to the original home, such as central Asia nearly germans, there are nearly six hundred thousand choose to return to Germany, while the north koreans, central Asia has, on the other hand, they have little back to the Korean peninsula, the reason will appear this kind of circumstance,Is because they have become accustomed to here, the Russian familiarity with even more than the north Korea’s native language, of course, more to the point at this time of the Korean peninsula, frequent unrest, nor their best end-result, over a long period of time and thrive, today, the group of central Asia north koreans have been developed to the scale of the more than 30, ten thousand people, and because the peninsula south of relatively rich,They have also established economic and cultural exchanges and cooperation with Koreans.I would like to point out that For a long time after World War II, South Korea lagged behind the northern part of the Peninsula. The reason for this situation was that the Soviet Government gave considerable economic support to North Korea at that time.It is almost driven by tractors and other advanced agricultural machinery for farming.For more than two decades, from the end of World War II to 1970, North Korea’s PER capita GDP was three times that of the South. In 1960, for example, north Korea’s per capita GDP was $253, compared with $82 in the South. (For comparison,In 1960, China’s per capita income was only $100.) At that time, South Korea could not even feed its people.North koreans can lead, the main reason is the following three points, the first is the collapse of the Soviet union, let Korea lost external economic aid, the second is the Vietnam war (1955-1975) of the outbreak of the Korean dispatched twenty thousand soldiers to the price of purchased American economic support, only very limited amplitude (the United States is not supporting the south Korean,This was mainly due to the geographical situation. After all, unlike the Soviet Union and China, the United States was not able to provide quick assistance in the Korean Peninsula. At this time, the United States focused on Guam in the Pacific.End of the war of the early Korean ▼ for South Korea’s biggest contribution to the economic recovery is the west Germany, after world war ii Germany rapid economic recovery, but because of many reasons caused the west human resource is extremely scarce, a lot of work there is no one, especially mine workers and nursing jobs, while South Korea’s situation, on the other hand,Due to the lack of job opportunities due to a large number of people, West Germany and Korea quickly cooperated, which led to the rise of Korea.To this day, this group of Central Asian Koreans identify themselves more as Goryeo, but how they identify themselves and the delicious food etched deep in their genes have not changed, and even become their common memory for a long time.Deep in the DNA of food memory