Xi ‘an Jiaotong University (XI ‘an Jiaotong University, Xi ‘an, China

2022-05-11 0 By

The full score of the test paper is 150 points, and the test time is 180 minutes.Second, the structure of the test paper content 100% three nuclear physics, the structure of the paper topic noun explanation or fills up the topic about 30 points selection or short answer questions about 20 points About 18 points deduction topic about 40 points discussed topic about 12 nuclear physics a comprehensive analysis on the topic about 30 points,The mass, charge, and radius of an atomic nucleus;Nuclide chart;Nuclear spin, magnetic moment, electric quadrupole moment, parity, statistics, isospin;Binding energy, droplet model.1.Understand the concept of atomic nuclei;2.To know the mass, charge, and radius of the nucleus;Master the nuclide map;3.Understand nuclear spin, magnetic moment, electric quadrupole moment, parity, statistics, isospin;4.Understanding binding energy;5.Master the nuclear droplet model.Nuclear force and its properties;Fermi gas model, shell model.1.Mastering the nuclear force and its properties;2.Master Fermi gas model and shell model.Single generation, two generation and multiple generation cascade radioactive decay;Alpha decay, beta decay, γ decay and rare decay modes;Decay class diagram;Application of radioactive decay, four major radioactive systems.1.Master the law of single-generation and two-generation cascaded radioactive decay and understand the phenomenon of multi-generation cascaded decay;2.Understand alpha decay, beta decay, γ decay and rare decay modes;3.Able to use and draw decay class diagrams;4.Master common radioactive decay applications and four radiation systems.Expression and classification of nuclear reactions;Conservation law of nuclear reaction;Q equation and its application;Nuclear reaction cross section;Nuclear reaction yield;Principle of meticulous balance;Three-stage image of nuclear reaction;Optical model, composite core model.1.Grasp the expression, classification and conservation law of nuclear reaction;2.Master Q equation and its application;3.Understand the principle of nuclear reaction cross section, nuclear reaction yield and delicate balance;4.Master the three stage image, optical model and compound nuclear model of nuclear reaction.The interaction between charged particles and matter;The interaction between gamma rays and matter.1.Grasp the interaction mechanism between charged particles and matter;2.To master the interaction mechanism between gamma rays and matter.Radiation detection Technology Examination Content Nuclear radiation detector;Detection methods and applications of charged particles and gamma rays;Neutron detection methods and applications.1.Understand the principle of gas detector, semiconductor detector and scintillation detector, as well as the basic structure of various detectors;2.Understand the detection methods and applications of charged particles, gamma rays and neutrons.Neutron classification in basic neutron physics examination;Neutron nuclear reaction;Neutron source.Neutron-matter interaction;Neutron slowing down, neutron diffusion, neutron diffraction.1.Master the classification of neutrons and neutron nuclear reactions;2.Master neutron source, neutron-matter interaction;3.Master neutron slowing, neutron diffusion and neutron diffraction.Fission mechanism;Spontaneous fission and induced fission;Fission products, fission energy and its distribution, fission neutrons and their energy spectra;Fission chain reaction.1.Understanding fission barrier, fission mechanism, spontaneous fission and induced fission;2.Understanding fission product generation mechanism, including fission fragment, fission energy and fission neutron;3.Understand fission chain reactions.The principle of fusion;Inertial confinement fusion;Magnetic confinement fusion.1.Understand the principle of fusion, master fusion fuel, Coulomb barrier, high temperature plasma, Lawson criterion and fusion reaction rate;2.Understand inertial confinement fusion;3.Understand magnetic confinement fusion.Introduction to Nuclear Devices Fission reactor;Fusion reactor;Fusion fission hybrid reactor;Nuclear weapons;Accelerators.1.Understand the basic principles of fission reactors.2.Understand the basic principles of fusion reactor and fusion fission hybrid reactor;3.Understanding the fundamentals of nuclear weapons;4.Understand the fundamentals of accelerators.Reference book Yang Fujia et al., Nuclear Physics, Fudan University Press, 1990.