Discover Weifang handmade | Yangjiabu New Year wood-block prints: Knives cut life expectations

2022-05-19 0 By

Qilu Evening News · Qilu Yipoint reporter Li Xuxu Wei Xiaoxian Yu Xiaoxue Trainee reporter Xu Yijie Sun Bingqian In The Chinese people, New Year pictures are essential for the Spring Festival, especially in the countryside.A cheap door god painting or kitchen god painting, not only can add some New Year festival to the home, but also consign people to get rid of evil, auspicious good wishes.According to legend, the New Year wood-block prints came to Shandong from Sichuan in the Hongwu reign of Ming Dynasty and took root in Yangjiabu, Weifang by chance.In those days, our ancestors picked up a hoe to work in the field when busy, and picked up a knife and brush to carve wood blocks and print New Year pictures when idle.After more than 650 years of inheritance and development, this foreign craft has become one of the most distinctive cultural symbols in Weifang.Weifang Yangjiabu, Tianjin Yangliuqing and Suzhou Taohuawu have become the top three producing areas of Chinese New Year paintings.Recently, the qilu evening news · JiLuYi point “the discovery of weifang hand made” columns are set into, for the second batch of weifang municipal center China representative inheritance Yang Futao interview, as the son of weifang woodcut New Year pictures first Yang shu, he told reporters the old craft of incarnations, also tells of generations of people in drawing art engraving expectations of life how to use a knife.This “Yang teacher’s descendant store” with a history of more than 30 years is less than 500 meters away from Yangjiabu Folk Art Grand View Garden. It is not very noticeable among the numerous cultural and creative products stores on the roadside.Only the walls of earth-gray bricks and the kissing animals sitting on the ridge of the roof tell the history of the shop.Two faded door gods are pasted on both sides of the shop’s front door. Push the door and enter the room. Kites hanging in the air, paper-cut cultural products and gift boxes are piled up like a mountain, making the room of about 20 square meters more cramped.There are only two people in the store, Yang Futao.Yang futao’s wife is printing New Year pictures by the window, with a variety of printed works behind her.In the shop, there was only the sound of painting and paper turning. Yang Futao, who was taking a nap on a simple bed set up temporarily on the right side of the room, got up and turned out several small ponies to welcome the visiting journalists.In the narrow passage Lao Yang had forced a space for a table, a small wooden table, on which a block of wood was in the process of carving, and various knives were placed on the table.It was in this somewhat messy shop that Yang Futao took over the legacy of his father, Yang Luoshu, and carved countless wooden blocks and printed countless New Year paintings.”Compared with other intangible heritage projects, the current situation of Yangjiabu New Year wood-block prints is still ideal.”Sitting in front of his desk, Yang told the reporter that the small shop is humble, but it can bring him 400,000 yuan to 500,000 yuan a year.Yang futao told the reporter that there are still seven or eight shops like his, which are mainly dedicated to engraving and painting. In the 1970s and 1980s, there were 70 or 80 workshops in Yangjiabu that made woodblock New Year pictures.Things have changed, now only seven or eight stores support the whole Weifang New Year wood-block prints industry.”In the past, making New Year pictures was actually a part-time job, and only made prints when there wasn’t much work in the field.”Yang Futao told the reporter that it is said that during the Hongwu years of the Ming Dynasty, some immigrants from Sichuan province settled in Weixian county, and some of them were skilled in engraving and printing New Year pictures. Relying on this skill, they supported their families and established themselves far away from home. Yangjiabu Village grew from scratch, and the craft of New Year wood-block prints also took root in Weixian county.Perhaps, hundreds of years ago the ancestors did not expect that this door may not be elegant craft should become a cultural symbol weifang at home and abroad.Yang futao told reporters that the art has been handed down from generation to generation. As families have branched out, competition in the New Year painting business has also emerged, and a special management team has been formed in the village, consisting of people with prestige in the village.”The management team mainly limits the production time of each household. First, it takes care of the villagers who are not good at making New Year pictures so that they don’t have to go without food.The second is to keep the supply of New Year paintings in the market less than demand, so that Yangjiabu New Year paintings can be sold at a good price every year.”The industrious, united and economically minded Yangjiabu people have made their life more prosperous by virtue of this foreign craft.Every year from 25th of the 10th month of the 10th lunar month, the whole village starts to print New Year pictures.At this time, every day, there are always people from other places or local people with different accents who cross the threshold of yangjiabu people’s house and enthusiastically start to buy New Year pictures.This went on for hundreds of years.When Yang Futao began to follow his father to learn engraving and printing New Year pictures, the prestige of Yangjiabu New Year wood-block prints was still undiminished.In the mid-1980s, when he was in his early 20s, customers could wait as long as a week to pick up goods, Yang remembers. “At that time, my family employed six printers.”However, the development of New Year wood-block prints is not plain sailing.From crowded to pommel horse scarce, it is only a moment.”In the 1950s, Yangjiabu New Year wood-block prints were almost destroyed.”Yang Futao paused and sat down in his chair. “Superstition was abolished at that time. The god of door and kitchen was not allowed to have any.The painting plates accumulated by generations of our family, which were piled full, almost disappeared in the two rooms…My father has told me so many times that when he talks about it, he starts to cry.”However, the artists in Yangjiabu are not discouraged. They keep pace with The Times and create many New Year paintings that reflect the current situation.”Change the map of Kitchen God into the lunar calendar, and the eight immortals into the study of workers, Peasants and soldiers…”Yang Futao, who grew up with his father’s stories and inculcation, had planted the seeds of his faith.As a result, he decided to become a inheritor of New Year wood-block prints because of this constraint in his heart.When Yang Futao was 19 years old, his father, Yang Luoshu, spent a few years teaching him what he had learned all his life and taught him the ancestral craft.”My father taught me how to do my work while telling me about the history of our family’s New Year pictures. He said that the wood-block prints should not be lost to me. After I get married and have children, I will pass on my skills to my children.”In The eyes of Yang Futao, his father Yang Luoshu is a mountain that is hard to surpass.In 2002, UNESCO awarded Yang Luoshu the honorary title of “Master of Folk Arts and Crafts”. As the 19th generation inheritor of tongshunde, a hundred years old Yangjiabu Painting Shop in Weifang, Shandong province, Yang Luoshu is the representative inheritor of the first batch of national intangible cultural heritage project Yangjiabu Wooden New Year paintings.In Yang Futao’s memory, his father has not anger from the stern.”When my father cut the line board, I cut the color board. My father and I cut the table next to each other. After a while, he came to look at mine.I know my father, and when he doesn’t criticize, it’s a compliment.””I can totally relate to my father, and I feel like I can’t stop doing it.”More than 40 years ago, Yang Futao took over the burden of inheritance from his father and fulfilled his father’s wish.But now that he’s a father, his son doesn’t want to follow his path.”I became like my father, but no one wanted to be me,” said Yang’s son, who was born in 1997 and now works for a pharmaceutical company in Qingdao.Yang Futao, 59, feels frustrated that his son doesn’t want to give up his job and come back to inherit the family craft.”There’s a song that doesn’t say, ‘I grew up to be you.’ I’m like my father now, but in my generation, nobody wants to be like me anymore.”Finding successors is a problem that every generation of intangible cultural heritage artisans must face. Now this problem has become a difficult problem when it comes to Yang Futao.”You can make money in other lines,” his son often said to Yang.For Yang Futao, this is not an economic issue, but a more important topic of craft inheritance.At the crossroads of life, the two generations have diametrically opposed considerations.Yang said he had also recruited apprentices, starting with young people in his family circle.”At that time, going abroad was a very beautiful thing, AND I used this thing to attract them. I said that as long as you step into the door of my painting shop in the future, as long as there is an opportunity to exchange abroad, I will take you with me.However, the majority of people on a whim to worship the teacher, can not stick to a few days and never come again.Even though Yang offered to subsidize the fare for the meal, none of them insisted.Yang Futao leaned back in the chair, his face in the shadow of the light, looks grave.”If outsiders can’t count on it, I can only count on my son.”In order to increase his son’s interest in this old craft, Yang futao took his son to attend a senior workshop on Wood-block Prints held by the Ministry of Culture and Tourism in 2016. After negotiation, Yang and his son reached an agreement that the father would teach the son, but the son could not engage in this industry.”I say I can teach you?The son said yes.He said I’ve learned how can I quit?I said yes, you just have to learn.”The future daughter-in-law also became Yang Futao’s hope.”Now my son doesn’t have a daughter-in-law, but when he does, he will turn the stall over to his daughter-in-law to manage it. When we are both older, we will step back to the second-line management. As long as our daughter-in-law is willing to take over the business, we will have no worries about our son.”One side of the wife also echoed a few words of approval, the old couple each words I a language, feel their plan to succeed the possibility is very big.Yang Fu tao thought well, even if this road does not work, he believes that with his son and his wife’s understanding, will not let the store regardless.”Times have changed.””When my generation studied, the main purpose was to support their families. If they work today, they will have money to spend tomorrow, and if they don’t work today, they will have money to spend tomorrow,” Yang said.Today’s children have never been hungry since childhood.”In order to attract more young people to participate in the inheritance of intangible cultural heritage, Yang futao believes that the subsidies of intangible cultural heritage should be given to young people who want to learn and attract more people to participate in the project.”Don’t subsidize us, we are already old, subsidize us.Now young people are under great economic pressure. If you give this money to young people, do you think they can learn?”According to Yang futao, manual production of the Kitchen God’s New Year pictures has replaced manual production.As early as the 1990s, machine-printed New Year pictures appeared in Yangjiabu.Around 2010, manual workshops of the Kitchen God’s New Year paintings were driven out of the market by machine production.Yang futao believes there is a reason why hand-printed pictures of the Kitchen God have been replaced by machine printing, mainly because even now, machine printing has an advantage when pictures of the Kitchen God are in high demand around Chinese New Year.However, as collectibles and works of art, machine-produced New Year pictures are worthless.According to Yang Futao, the charm of hand-made New Year pictures lies largely in the fact that the whole process of making New Year pictures is inseparable from human creation.A computer can also carve a plate, orderly, uniform depth, but no life.And manual engraving, with the artist’s heartbeat and breathing, knife up and down, can be engraved according to the mood, but also can be done at one go, an ordinary block because of the sweat of the people infected with the aura.”Manual rigid craftsman heart, feel which place does not conform to the truth, a little ugly, the line is modified, I often do so, arbitrary strong.”With that, Yang fu tao picked up his tools and began to demonstrate.On the tool table the size of the desk were seven or eight homemade tools: carving knives, cutting knives, screwers, flat knives, separate knives, large digging knives, middle digging knives, small digging knives…”He picked up a carving knife, grasped the upper part of the handle, and held the knife at an Angle of 135 degrees to himself, deepening the grooves along the lines already drawn on the block.Yang Fu tao while demonstrating while explaining.”Pear wood is a very hard wood, and when you stick a knife into it and have to pull it, it is the most tiring wood.”Yang Futao’s little finger has changed shape because of years of holding the cutter.During the two-hour interview, Cui Quanfeng, Yang futao’s wife, was printing New Year wood-block prints.With her right hand she dipped the handle into the mixed paint and painted it on the carved block. Then with her left hand she dragged one side of the paper that had been fixed onto the block and pressed it into place.When opened again, the different shapes of the color blocks are left on the paper, and the existing black and white lines on the paper fit together.After several repetitions, the same bright New Year wood-block prints appear on the white paper. The thick and heavy colors set off each other, revealing a kind of inexplicable harmony and vitality.A wood-block New Year picture needs to be printed at least six times. Cui can print up to 400 New Year pictures a day, which means he has to repeat the same action 2,400 times a day.Mom-and-pop shops like Yang Futao and Cui Quanfeng are now a common combination.From the original self-employed side business, to later become an industry to drive the economic development of one side, now return to the model of mom-and-pop shops, the future may return to a side business.The development of Yangjiabu New Year wood-block prints is constantly changing with The Times, looking for the most appropriate way of operation in different times.Knife knife, line beginning to take shape;The white paper falls and the colors appear.Kitchen King New Year pictures, god tea yu lei door God New Year pictures, blessing to welcome auspicious New Year pictures, warding off evil security New Year pictures…Between the ups and downs of the New Year pictures, people’s belief in life has been hidden for hundreds of years.